Kimberley Mine - The Largest Hole Excavated By Hand.
The big hole, open mine or kimberley mine is an open-pit and underground mine in kimberley, south africa, and claimed to be the largest hole excavated by hand. in 1872, one year after digging started, the population of the camp of diggers grew to around 50,000. as digging progressed, many men met their deaths in mining accidents. the unsanitary conditions, scarcity of water and fresh vegetables as well as the intense heat in the summer, also took their toll. on the 13 march 1888 the leaders of the various mines decided to amalgamate the separate diggings into one big mine and one big company known as de beers consolidated mines limited, with life governors such as cecil john rhodes, alfred beit and john rhodes. this massive company further worked on the big hole until it came to the depth of 215 metres, with a surface area of about 17 hectares and perimeter of 1.6 kilometres.... read more
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